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phalanx vs legion

phalanx vs legion
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The first combats were during Pyrrhus’ invasion of Italy in 280 BCE. The battle is considered one of the best examples of manipular Roman legion superiority over the Macedonian phalanx in terms of flexibility and combat maneuvering. Did That Actually Happen? In Rome Polybius studied Roman warfare and so had experience with both phalanx and maniple style warfare. The flexibility of the maniples allowed them to surround and destroy each unit until the rest of Philip’s forces fled. Syntagma, . 1992. The video and its description text are provided by Youtube. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. (2019, October 04). The battles certainly showcase the manipular legion’s flexibility over the powerful but stiff Macedonian phalanx, but it would have been impossible with all the different variables to find a perfect battlefield matchup of the two formations. Both are brilliant commanders but Alexander never faced an equal commander, Caesar did, Vercingetorix or Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus to Name the most famous ones. This book is exactly what I expected when I picked it up, a fun opportunity to geek out about to technical aspects of ancient warfare, in this case the relative merits of the Macedonian Phalanx vs the Roman Legion. Cole’s work spans a time period from approximately the 3rd through the 2nd century BC battlefields with a discipline focus. Not sure how many accounts there are of the Hoplite Phalanx vs the Legion. Built to sustain a Legion, it was far too large to be garrisoned by a mere Chapter of Space Marines. At the battle of Beneventum a few years later the Romans finally prevailed, with help from Pyrrhus’ elephants which charged back into his own lines. The Roman legion proved itself superior against both. The two formations actually met in battle a handful of times with varied results. Posted on May 3, 2018 by MSW. Meanwhile, the remaining Roman right wing advanced up the hill and met the rest of Philips army as they were arriving in bunches. 11-17-2009, 13:44 #24. This victory was mainly due to poorly commanded troops on Perseus's name (note, not Alexander hehe). Most of its vast docking bays were deserted, and the Imperium's inability to replicate its ancient technologies resulted in even minor damage creating signific… After Pyrrhus’ invasion, the Romans fought titanic wars against Carthage that brought them to superpower status in the Mediterranean. Problem is that phalanx is a formation, 'legion' is a unit..it's like comparing apples to elephants. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. "Phalanx vs Legion: Battle of Cynoscephalae." The best descriptions of the formations come from the historian Polybius. The individual soldier of the phalanx was tied to the cohesion of his unit, but had the safety of multiple spearheads between the front row and the enemy. Polybius states that the biggest weakness of the phalanx is its uselessness in rugged terrain, but we know that under competent leadership the phalanx had won victories even while crossing rivers. The game covers the invasions of Southern Italy and Sicily by Pyrrhus, and his campaigns against Rome and Carthage. The only phalanx with that level of experience would have been Alexander IIIs, and he basically never got into a situation where his phalanx needed to adapt to a changing situation. There are several key differences in the formations. The expanding early Roman Republic found the Greek phalanx formation too Well, the first part is a bit difficult but would put my bet on Caesar. Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, the army eventually transformed into the flexible manipular legion. The Macedonians outnumbered the Romans about 44,000 to 29,000 but both forces were equal in cavalry. View Profile View Forum Posts View Blog Entries View Articles Member Member. This transformation was likely a result of the Samnite wars fought in the varied mountainous terrain of central Italy where the Romans needed a more adaptable formation. 1 vs 1 the Legion won't stand a chance. You need variety; missile and cavalry troops give you options. The Good – Legion vs Phalanx is highly readable. Legion, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. Web. The Roman legions did meet both the Macedonian phalanx (the more advanced version of the traditional Greek hoplite phalanx, which rendered the hoplite obsolete), as well the the older Greek hoplite phalanx. With three lines, one behind the other the Romans deployed in separate maniples with each line having a maniple-sized gap between units, with those gaps covered by the next line back creating a checkerboard formation. The earliest Roman ventures across the Adriatic had occurred before the Second Punic War. The Macedonian phalanx continued to be used from Germany to Egypt and did prove to be effective. Please check the original source(s) for copyright information. The javelins thrown by the maniples were also an effective formation breaking tool used to lessen the impact of enemy charges or create holes to exploit with their own charge. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Raised in ancient Greece, Polybius fought in Hellenic battles before being sent to Rome as a hostage, though he was given great freedoms during his stay. Cole clearly loves the subject. “The Legion as Phalanx,” Chiron 9:303–18. As gaps grew, more, presumably fresh, men from the rear lines were fed through to completely infiltrate dozens of segments of the phalanx and the Macedonians soon broke. From the time of ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry Phalanx dominated the battlefield. Romans were fiercely brave, and it took quite a feat of bravery to be among the first to jump into an enemy formation bristling with spears to open up gaps for your fellow soldiers. Details for these battles are scarce but while it seems that though the phalanx did indeed steamroll through the Romans, it was done with great difficulty and at Beneventum the flexibility of the maniples allowed them to seize the openings made by the rampaging elephants to cause a rout. The organization from Homeric style hero warfare to tightly packed hoplite warfare was world changing. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, the army eventually transformed into the flexible manipular legion. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder-to-shoulder and with overlapping shields, they presented an impenetrable wall of metal to the enemy until the Roman legion eclipsed the phalanx … Embedded by Arienne King, published on 04 October 2019. The author has quite a few thoughtful insights into the nature of classical warfare. In his histories, Polybius directly address the strengths and weakness of both formations. The cavalry fight was even but as soon as the infantry ran the cavalry followed suit. The Roman infantry met the phalanx and did not break, but were steadily forced back towards the broken ground behind them. by Jeff Jonas. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. Philip decided to take the initiative and marched out first with the right half of his phalanx, so that they could take the hill and attack downhill. Legion versus Phalanx begins by asking a simple question. Phalanx vs Legion : Battle of Cynoscephalae July 2020 The roman victory in the battle of Cynoscephalae ( 197 BC ) marked the end of the second macedonian war … had half the troops missing for much of … This book is a interesting analysis of the struggle between the legion and the phalanx. Phalanx vs Legion: Battle of Cynoscephalae. According to independent scholar Myke Cole, we needn’t rely on … My negative thoughts on … USS Nevada Found Off Coast Of Pearl Harbour, Special Forces Jerry “Mad Dog” Shriver Packed as Many as Six Revolvers, Sawn off Shotgun & His Regular Machine Gun. The Roman manipular formation was quite a unique layout. $4.5 million buys you a P51 Mustang & twenty, yes TWENTY Merlin engines! The individual Roman had more room to operate, with a large shield and effective sword allowing them to confidently engage and defend individually and as a group by locking shields. Myke Cole has written a new book covering ancient Hellenistic phalanx and Roman legion warriors. In a straight up fight which would win, the legion or the phalanx?

From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. Carthage is a neutral power that can ally with either side. PHALANX vs LEGION . In celebration of the book, please leave a comment detailing what you think is a classic legion vs phalanx battle. By William McLaughlin for War History Online, Concentration Camp Guard Who Hid in US for 75 Years Will Be Deported. https://www.ancient.eu/video/1830/. Pyrrhus won these battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and caused heavy casualties. Syntagma, . This last battle shows the small unit tactics for which the maniple was built towards but also shows how well the maniple fit the Romans as a people. Which would win a pitched battle—a phalanx or a legion? This transformation was likely a result of the Samnite wars fought in the varied mountainous terrain of central Italy where the Romans needed a more adaptable formation. Myke Cole uses six battles where the two fighting systems clashed, along with the history surrounding them, to discuss this.

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